Findings on happiness in Goudy & Goudeau (1981): study US 1975

Author(s)Goudy, W.J.; Goudeau, J.F.
TitleSocial Ties and Life Satisfaction of Older Persons: Another Evaluation.
SourceJournal of Gerontological Social Work, 1981, Vol. 4, 35 - 50
Public50+ aged, general public, North-Central Iowa, USA, 1975
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Respondents of 50 years of age or older were selected from a probability random sample of households.
Respondents N =2321
Non Response11.3%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking everything into consideration, how satisfied are you with life in general at the present time? Would you say you are.....? 5 extremely satisfied 4 very satisfied 3 fairly satisfied 2 slightly satisfied 1 not satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04ab03Age-differences among elders
Community attachementL17ac01Attitude to community
Demographic characteristicsS15ab01Socio-demographic factors only
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Friends in communityF06ad01Friends in community
Friends in communityL17ab01bLocal social contacts, also classified as above ↑
IncomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Local people knownL17ab01bLocal social contacts
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Organizational membershipS07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations
Quality of lifeL04ac02aSummed life aspect evaluations (semantic differential scales)
Relatives in communityF03ab02Contacts with relatives
Relatives in communityL17ab01bLocal social contacts, also classified as above ↑
Social tiesS08abCurrent total social participation