Findings on happiness in Wilkening & McGranahan (1978): study US Wisconsin 1974

Author(s)Wilkening, E.A.; McGranahan, D.H.
TitleCorrelates of Subjective Well-Being in Northern Wisconsin.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1978, Vol. 5, 211 - 234
Public18+ aged, general public, Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
Respondents N =534
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Considering everything, how satisfied are you with your life as whole.....? 7 completely satisfied 6 satisfied 5 mostly satisfied 4 satisfied/dissatisfied 3 dissatisfied 2 very dissatisfied 1 completely dissatisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Scores in1234567

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Church attendanceR10ad02Participation in church
Contact with friendsF06acCurrent contacts with friends
Contact with relativesF03ab02Contacts with relatives
IncomeI01ab02Household income
Joint effectS15ab39Socio-demographic + life-events + social ties
Level of educationE01ab02Level of school-education
Live aloneH19ab01Living alone or not
Living environmentL14ab02Community size
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
MarriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Occupational statusS09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status
Organizational membershipS07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations
RetirementR12abCurrent status: retired or not
Separated / divorcedM02ab03Divorced or separated
WidowedM02aa02Married vs widowed