Findings on happiness in McGrade (1968): study US 1963

Author(s)McGrade, B.J.
TitleNewborn Activity and Emotional Response at Eight Months.
SourceChild Development, 1968, Vol. 39, 1247 - 1252
PublicInfants followed from birth to 8 month, USA, 196?
 Year of datagathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability quota sample of infants whose mothers were patients in the obstetric clinic of Yale-New Haven Hospital. 13 boys, 11 girls.
Respondents N =24
Non Response46% unattainable.
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire and peerratings
General remarksSame study also reported in SCHAE 1963.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textTime sampling of happy behaviors: Clinical ratings on the basis of repeated observations of expressive behavior in test situation. Scored by two independent rates. Interval between tests was one week. "General emotional tone: unhappy - happy." 1 Child seems unhappy throughout the period. 2 Mostly unhappy, but not consistently so. 3 At times rather unhappy, but may respond happily to interesting procedures. 4 Seems calm and contented. 5 Happy: may become upset by some procedures, but recovers fairly easily. 6 Appears generally in a happy state of well-being. 7 Consistently happy, radiating a gay mood, only rarely disturbed by an annoying situation. 8 Radiantly happy; nothing is upsetting; animated. Item in Bayley Infant Behavior Profile, Research Form 1959.
Author's labelEmotional tone.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Length of laborH14aa01Earlier physical health
Newborn activityP05acActive