Findings on happiness in Tobacyk (1981): study US 1979

Author(s)Tobacyk, J.
TitlePersonality Differentiation, Effectiveness of Personality Integration, and Mood in Female College Students.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1981, Vol. 41, 348 - 356
PublicFemale undergraduate students, U.S.A., 198?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample. 72 students participated for course credit, 9 dropped out for personal reasons and 32 were excluded because of inaccurate following instructions
Respondents N =31
Non Response57 %
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 whith a mood-diary kept 3 times a day
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 16 questions, repeated three times a day during at least 33 successive days (experience sampling) How I feel now: A Fullness vs. Emptiness of life ( how emotionally satisfying, abundant or empty, your life felt today ) B Receptivity towards and Stimulation by the World ( how interested and responsive you feel to what was going on around you) C Social Respect vs. Social Contempt ( how you feel about other people regard you, or feel about you, today) D Personal Freedom vs. External Constraint ( how much you feel you are free or not free to do as you want) E Harmony vs. Anger ( how well got along with, or how angry you feel toward, other people ) F Sociability vs. Withdrawal (how socially outgoing or withdrawn you feel now ) G Companionship vs. Being Isolated ( the extent to which you feel emotionally accepted by, or isolated from other people ) H Love and Sex ( the extent to which you feel loving and tender or sexually frustrated and unloving ) I Present Work ( how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your work ) J Thought Processes ( how readily your ideas come and how valuable they seem ) K Tranquility vs. Anxiety ( how calm or troubled you feel ) Impulse Expression vs. Self-restraint ( how expressive and impulsive or internally restrained and controlled, you feel ) M Personal Moral Judgment (how self-approving or how guilty, you feel ) N Self-confidence vs. feeling of Inadequacy ( how self- assured and adequate or helpless and inadequate you feel ) O Energy vs. Fatigue ( how energetic or tired and weary you feel ) P Elation vs. Depression ( how elated or depressed, happy or unhappy, you feel now ) Scoring: all items scored on 0 - 9 . (Rating scales not reported). Summation: average Name: Wessman & Rick's `Personal Feelings Scale'
Author's labelMood level
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Effectiness of Personality ubtegrationP03abPersonality integration
Personality differentiationI03ac03aField independence
Personality differentiationP03aaPersonality differentiation, also classified as above ↑