Findings on happiness in Mitchell (1972): study ZZ 1967

Publication
Author(s)Mitchell, R.E.
TitleLevels of Emotional Strain in East Asian Cities.
SourceAsian Folklore & Social Life Monographs, The Orient Cultural Service, 1972, Taipei, Formosa
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/mitchell_re_1972.pdf
Investigation
Public18+ aged, general public, 4 big cities South East Asia, 1967-1968
 Singapore, Bangkok,Taipei, Malaysia
 1967-1968
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Inter-city survey : separate studies of big cities in South East Asia were used (Taipei, Singapore, Malaysia and Bangkok-Thonburi). All these studies were probability multi stage large scale sample surveys. Singapore and Malaysia : two independent samples. - sample I : 1000 interviews in both areas (the metropolitan towns of West Malaysia and Singapore) - sample II: 1000 interviews in the six main towns of West Malaysia, 1002 interviews in Singapore. Bangkok-Thonburi Survey : the population was divided in a Thai and a Chinese ethnic subgroup.
Respondents N =6827
 3452men, 3375 women
Non Responseranges from 7.6% to 44%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksI Number of subjects in the areas : men women total Singapore 934 961 1895 Malaysia 1025 933 1958 Bangkok 998 976 1974 Taipei 495 505 1000 II Racial groups : - Singapore : Chinese (N = 1533), Malay (N = 231), Indian (include Pakistanis and Ceylonese, N = 131). Various other population groups (106 people) were excluded from the statistics. - Malaysia : Chinese (N = 1285), Malay (N = 375), Indian (N = 298). Various other population groups (37 people) were excluded from the statistics. - Bangkok : Chinese (N = 767), Thai (N = 957), others (include those who are half-Thai and half-Chinese, N = 250). Various other population groups (26 people) were excluded from the statistics. III Non-response rates and replacements : - Taipei : 505 households were interviewed. 21 persons refused to be interviewed, 55 persons could not be located after three call-backs. These 76 persons were replaced by others who met the criteria of same age, sex and occupation. (non-response : 7.6% , 2.1% refusals) Singapore and Malaysia : Sample I : No substitutions in the event of non-response. West Malaysia : Of the 1638 individuals selected, there was a non-response of 622 persons (or 38%, 8% refusals). This high non-response rate is to be found in external factors influencing the course of the survey ( civil disturbances). Singapore : Of the 1375 individuals selected, 1000 individuals were interviewed. (non-response : 375 persons or 27%, refusals : 4%) Sample II: West Malaysia : Of the 1462 individuals selected, there was a non-response of 462 persons (or 31%), of which 4% refused to be interviewed. Singapore : Of the 1808 individuals selected, there was a non-response of 806 persons (or 44%), of which 6% refused to be interviewed. - Bangkok-Thonburi : Thai family : Of the 1497 individuals selected, there was a non-response of 372 persons (or 25%), of which 11% refused to be interviewed. Chinese family : Of the 1159 individuals selected, there was a non-response of 284 persons (or 25%), of which 10% refused to be interviewed. IIII In all these studies, a split-interview schedule was used : approximately two-thirds of the questions were asked of both halves of the sample, but each half had some questions that were only asked of it.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Do you feel your life at present is.....? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 quite unhappy 1 very unhappy
ClassificationO-HL-c-sq-v-4-a
Author's labelHappiness
RemarksRange from 0 -3. country and city total (per cent who are quite or very happy) Taipei 15% Malaysia 11% Singapore 8% Bangkok 8%
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Country and cityR01REGION OF RESIDENCE: where one lives
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
RaceE04ab05Ethnic status in regions