Findings on happiness in Shmotkin (1992): study IL 1984

Author(s)Shmotkin, D.
TitleThe Apprehensive Respondent: Failing to Rate Future Lifesatisfaction in Older Adults.
SourcePsychology and Aging, 1992, Vol. 7, 484 - 486
Public16+ aged, general public, Israel, 1984
Collect period2
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Respondents N =1244
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: "Here you have ladder of nine rungs representing different conditions of life in which a person may possibly be. The top of the ladder '9' represents the best possible condition one may think of, and the bottom '1'represents the worst possible condition. On which rung do you think you stand with regard to your personal condition?" 9 best possible 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 worst possible This question was followed by questions on the past (five years ago) and the future (five years from now). Name: Cantril ladder rating (adjusted version)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 9On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation