Findings on happiness in Michalos (1985): study CA Guelph CMA 1985

Author(s)Michalos, A.C.
TitleMultiple Discrepancies Theory.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1985, Vol. 16, 347 - 413
PublicStudents undergraduates University of Guelph, Canada, 1984
Collect period5-6
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 A convenience sample of 700 undergraduates was drawn from the 3130 students enrolled in the 1984 summer term of the University of Guelph, Canada.
Respondents N =700
Non Response18%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksThe questionnaire used was practically identical with that of MICHA 1980, MICHA 1982 and MICHA 1984.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....? 7 delightfull 6 very satisfying 5 satisfying 4 mixed 3 dissatisfying 2 very dissatisfying 1 terrible No opinion Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' ( modified version)
Author's labelSatisfaction with life as a whole
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on single question: Considering your life as a whole, would you describe it as....:? 1 very unhappy 2 | unhappy 3 4 an even mixture of unhappiness and happiness 5 | happy 6 7 very happy no opinion
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Joint effectS15ab45Life-appraisals + personality + social ties
Joint effectS15ab37Socio-demographic + life-appraisals + personality, also classified as above ↑
Joint satisfactionL04ad02Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
Life compared to best previous experienceL04ae01bLife compared with earlier situation
Life compared with that of othersL04ae01dLife compared with situation of others
Life compared with wantsL04ae01Single-standard comparisons
Life comparted to that deservedL04ae01eLife compared with standard of fairness
Satisfaction with educationE01ad04Satisfaction with education
Satisfaction with family relationsF03ac02Satisfaction with family-life
Satisfaction with financial securityI01af05cSatisfaction with financial security
Satisfaction with friendshipsF06ah04Satisfaction with friends
Satisfaction with healthH14af04Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with housingH22ae02Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with paid employmentW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Satisfaction with recreation activityL03ad03bSatisfaction with leisure activities
Satisfaction with religionR12af03Satisfaction with religion
Self esteemS02ad02Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Social supportS06abCurrent contacts
Work statusE02ad02Hours work