Findings on happiness in Michalos (1983): study CA Ontario 1982

Author(s)Michalos, A.C.
TitleSatisfaction and Happiness in a Rural Northern Resource Community.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1983, Vol. 13, 225 - 252
Public18+ aged, general public, rural community, North Ontario, Canada, 1982
Collect period4
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 In the town of Cochrane (4848 inhabitants) and the township of Glackmeyer (1155 inhabitants) every third name of the local voting lists was taken. After that the sample was adjusted for the proportion of age and sex groups of the Census figures.
Respondents N =598
Non Response8%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 In most cases filled out by subjects themselves
General remarksThe excerpted paper includes paths-diagrams giving the relationship between satisfaction or happiness , and goalachievement ,comparison with best previous experience , comparison with life of average folks or five year expectation.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole right now.....? 7 delightfull 6 very satisfying 5 satisfying 4 mixed 3 dissatisfying 2 very dissatisfying 1 terrible No opinion Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' ( modified version)
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on single question: Considering your life as a whole, would you describe it as....:? 1 very unhappy 2 | unhappy 3 4 an even mixture of unhappiness and happiness 5 | happy 6 7 very happy no opinion
Author's labelGeneral Happiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on single question: "Some people have certain goals or aspirations for various aspects of their lives. They aim for a particular sort of home, income, family lifestyle, and so on. Compared to your general aims and goals, how would you say that your life measures up to it.....?" 1 not at all 2 fairly 3 poorly 4 half as well as your goal 5 fairly 6 well 7 matches your goal
Author's labelGoal achievement
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Chronological ageA04abCurrent age (in years)
Five year expectationH19abCurrent hope
Formal educationE01ab02Level of school-education
Goal achievementH07aa03kO-DT by C-RG
Goal achievementH07aa03bO-HL by C-RG, also classified as above ↑
Joint comparisonsL04ae02Summed comparisons
Joint effectS15ab04Socio-demographic + life-appraisals
Language spokenE04ab03dEthnic status in Canada
Life compared with best previous experienceL04ae01bLife compared with earlier situation
Life compared with that of average folksL04ae01dLife compared with situation of others
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Satisfaction with area you live inL16acAttitudes to local environment
Satisfaction with family relationsF03ac02Satisfaction with family-life
Satisfaction with financial securityI01af05cSatisfaction with financial security
Satisfaction with friendshipsF06ah04Satisfaction with friends
Satisfaction with government servicesP09ag02Attitudes to state-services
Satisfaction with healthH14af04Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with housingH22ae02Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with paid employmentW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Satisfaction with recreation activityL03ad03bSatisfaction with leisure activities
Satisfaction with religionR12af03Satisfaction with religion
Satisfaction with transportationL12ac02ahSatisfaction with local transport
Self esteemS02ad02Evaluation of self-as-a-whole
Time in areaM09aa01cTime since last move
Work statusE02abCurrent employment status