Findings on happiness in Harding (1985): study GB 1981

Author(s)Harding, S.D.
TitleValues and the Nature of Psychological Well-Being.
SourceAbrams, M.;Gerard, D.;Timms, N.,Eds.: "Values and Social Change in Britain", McMillan, 1985, London, UK, 227 - 252
Public18+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 1983
Survey nameNot available
 European Value Study 1
SampleNot available
 Systematic probability sample, post-stratified by age.
Respondents N =1231
Non Response?
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Highly structured
General remarksSame study also reported in HALMA 1987.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy.
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.55

Scores in1234

Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly exited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelPsychological well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Acceptance of violenceV02ab01bPreference for peaceful solution of political problems
Active leisureL03ac01Leisure activity level
Active leisureL03ad02Leisure aspirations, also classified as above ↑
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Belief in GodR12ab04bBelief in god
Church attendanceR12ad02Participation in church
Having workE02ab01Full-time home maker
IncomeI01ab03Household income
Level of educationE01ab02Level of school-education
Married vs widowed, never married, divorced or separatedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Married vs never marriedM02aa01Married vs never married
Married vs widowedM02aa02Married vs widowed
Never married vs widowedM02ab01aVs widowed
Never married vs widowed, divorced or separatedM02ab01eVs formerly married (widowed+divorced+separated)
OccupationO01abCurrent occupation
Organisational membershipS07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations
Reform orientationP09ae02Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation
ReligiousnessR12abCurrent religious beliefs
Self-reported healthH14ab02aGlobal health rating
TV watchingL03ac02lTv watching, radio listening
WidowedM02ab02aVs divorced
Willingness to fightfor countryN01ad02Willingness to fight for nation