Findings on happiness in Heeren (1969): study US 1967

Author(s)Heeren, S.D.
TitleEntrepreneurial vs. Bureaucratic Fathers as Related to Family Structure, Happiness, and Two Measures of Independence.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Kansas, 1969, USA
PublicMale undergraduates, University of Kansas, USA, 1967
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample of students enrolled in the introductory psychology class.
Respondents N =103
Non Response5% incomplete information.
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How happy would you say your life is in general.....? 1 very unhappy 2 3 4 neither happy 5 nor 6 unhappy 7 8 9 very happy
Author's labelHappiness.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Affectioness of parentsF01ad02bCloseness to parents
AgeA04ab02Age difference among young people
Being oldest or onlychildF01acPosition in family
Being sheltered by parentsF01ae04dSupportive
DisciplineF01ae01Abuse by parents
Dominance of parentsF01ae04cPermissive vs dominant
Encouragement and guidance by parentsF01ae04Rearing-style of parents
Father has clear andstrong beliefsF01af01bAttitudes of parents
Father has high expectationsF01ae04aDemanding
Father is 'wearing the pants' in the familyF01ad03bParents marital satisfaction
Father is seen as a strong personF01af01lPersonality of parents
Father was able to be around the home a lotF01ad01Relations with siblings
Freedom at homeF01ae04cPermissive vs dominant
Independence of judgementP05bmIndependent
Living in an urban areaL13ab02Community size
Mother is seen as a strong personF01af01lPersonality of parents
Need for social approvalP05ahApproval seeking
Other directednessP05cfOutgoing
Parents are living togetherF01ab02Number of parents (broken home)
Parents marriageF01ad03Relation between parents
Protection and sup- port from parents inmoments of stressF01ae04dSupportive
Size of home townL13ab02Community size
Stage of studyS01aa03Current stage in school-career
Work setting of fatherF01ag03Parents occupation