Findings on happiness in Wallace & Pichler (2009): study ZZ Europe 2002

Author(s)Wallace, C.; Pichler, F.
TitleMore Participation, Happier Society? A Comparative Study of Civil Society and the Quality of Life.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2009, Vol. 93, 255-274.
Public18+ aged, 19 European nations, 2002-2003
 Austria, Belgium, Germany, Denmark, Spain, Finland, France, United Kingdom, Greece, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and Slovenia. Switzerland and Czech Republic are excluded because of missing data on indicators on levels of satisfaction with the government.
Survey nameNot available
 European Social Survey. First round.
SampleProbability multi-stage random
 Pooled samples in 19 nations
Respondents N =36017
 About 2000 per country
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays? 0 extremely dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 extremely satisfied - don't know - no answer
Author's labelOverall life satisfaction
Page in publication261
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how happy would you say you are? 0 extremely unhappy 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 extremely happy - don't know - no answer
Author's labelOverall happiness
Page in publication261
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Civic participation (individual level)S07ab02Attendance to meetings
Civic participation (individual level)S07ab01Membership of voluntary organizations, also classified as above ↑
Civic participation in nationN14ab03cSocial cohesion in nation
Quality of life/societyN01ac01Satisfaction with life in nation in general
Satisfaction with democracyP09ag03Attitudes to democracy
Satisfaction with economyN04ad03Satisfaction with economic development in nation
Satisfaction with educationE01ad04Satisfaction with education
Satisfaction with governmentN12ac03Satisfaction with government in nation
Satisfaction with health servicesH17ai02Satisfaction with health-services
Satisfaction with institutionsN12ac01Attitudes to the state in nation
Subjective quality of lifeH07aa01Overall happiness by overall happiness