Findings on happiness in Botwinick & Storandt (1974): study US St. Louis County, Missouri 1969

Author(s)Botwinick, J.; Storandt, M.
TitleMemory, Related Functions and Age.
SourceThomas C. Publisher, 1974, Springfield, Illinois, USA
Public20-80 aged, general public, metropolitan St. Louis area, USA, 197?
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 10 men and 10 women in 6 age groups: 21-29, 30-39, 40-49, 51-57, 60-69, 70-80. as homogenous with respect ot their socioeconomic backgrounds as possible; all but three from the metropolitan St. Louis area. Participants recruited from various sources: church, community organizations, retirement home, students in evening classes and acquaintances of university staff.
Respondents N =120
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: Some people seem to be quite happy and satisfied with their lives, while others seem quite unhappy and dissatisfied. Now look at the ladder. Suppose that a person who is entirely satisfied with his life would be at the top of the ladder, and a person who is extremely dissatisfied with his life at the bottom of the ladder. Where would you put yourself on the ladder at the presentstage of your life in terms of how satisfied or dissatisfied you are with your personal life?, Cicle the number 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Author's labelLife satisfaction scale
Page in publication49
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
ageA04abCurrent age (in years)
Clinical impressionH13ab02aOverall selfestimate of mental health
Clinical impressionI03ab01Test-intelligence, also classified as above ↑
Control ratingP05bpInner locus of control
Copying digitsI03ab01Test-intelligence
educationE01ab01Years schooling
Health ratingH14ab02aGlobal health rating
Health ratingI03ab01Test-intelligence, also classified as above ↑
sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Slow writingI03ab01Test-intelligence
Trailmaking AI03ab01Test-intelligence
Trailmaking BI03ab01Test-intelligence
VOT (Hooper)I03ab01Test-intelligence