Findings on happiness in Thurnher (1974): study US 1969

Author(s)Thurnher, M.
TitleGoals, Values, and Life Evaluations at The PreRetirement Stage.
SourceJournal of Gerontology, 1974, Vol. 29, 85 - 96
Public55+ aged, people in transition, United States, 196?
 People in preretired stage (retirement within 3 years) and people facing the imminent completion of the family cycle, i.e. the empty-nest stage (youngest child is high shool senior). Predominantly white middle and lower-middle class
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
 Part of larger longitudinal study of transitional stages of adult life-span
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
Respondents N =114
 N=60 (30 men and 30 women) in preretirement group; N=55 (27 men an 27 women) in empty- nest group Age: preretirement group: ca. 60 years; empty-nest group: ca. 50 years.
Non Response0
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Depth interviews and tests during 9 hours
General remarkssee also LOWEN 1972, 75; CHIRI 1977
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 8 questions: " In the past few weeks did you ever feel.....?" A Pleased about having accomplished something B Upset because someone critized you C Proud because someone complimented you one something you had done D That things are going your way E So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair F Unhappy or depressed G Particularly interested in something H Lonely and remote from other people Response options: 0 not at all 1 sometimes 2 often 3 very often Scoring: a = 0..........d = 3 Summation: Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, D, G Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, E, F, H Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variant)
Author's labelMorale
Page in publication87
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question attainment of 'wants out of life '(full text notreported) 1 ambivalent, not succesful 2 faily succesful 3 very succesful
Author's labelAttainment of Wants out of Life
Page in publication90
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 0On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.723.61

Scores in0

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
HedonismV02aa01aHappiness, pleasure (hedonic values)
Transition of RetirementR03abCurrent status: retired or not
Transition of RetirementC03aa02cLeaving home of children (empty nest), also classified as above ↑
Transition of RetirementA04aa02Stage of life, also classified as above ↑