Findings on happiness in Chason (1975): study US 1974

Publication
Author(s)Chason, K.J.
TitleA Comparison of Social Interest among Service-Oriented Professionals, Prisoners and Psychiatric Patients.
SourceUnpublished PhD Dissertation, Florida State University, 1975, USA
Investigation
PublicPrisoners and comparison groups, 1974, USA
 Prisoners, Psychiatric patients, Service Oriented Professionals, General public
Collect period6
Survey nameNot available
SampleMixed samples
 Prisoners: Mixed, inmates selected (220) on having minimum reading level, probability sample of 90. Psychiatric patients: Volunteers from a state hospital in the area. Service Oriented Professionals: Probability random sample. General public: Probability random sample on city directory.
Respondents N =419
 Prisoners: N=90; Patients: N=54, all volunteers; SOP: N=100; General: N=175
Non Response33.3%
 Prisoners: 28%; Patients: 0%; SOP: 47% General: 58%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Prisoners: Questionnaire introduced and explained by interviewer, and filled them out anonimously. Patients: Questionnaire introduced by classroom teachers, and were completed in class. Service Oriented Professionals: Mailed questionnaire. General populations: Mailed questionnaire.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how would you say you are these days? Would you say you are..........? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy
ClassificationO-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad
Author's labelPrisoners
Page in publication87
RemarksPrisoners: M = 1.32 Comparison groups: Psychiatric patients: M = 1.76 ; Service Oriented Professionals M = 2.23,; General Population M = 2.25
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean1.89
Standard deviation0.75

Scores in123
%33.943.322.9

Full textSelfreport on single question: In general how satisfying do you find the way you are spending your life these days. Would you call it.....? 3 completely satisfying 2 pretty satisfying 1 not very satisfying
ClassificationO-SLL-c-sq-v-3-a
Page in publication88
RemarksPrisoners: M = 1.23; Comparison groups: Psychiatric patients: M = 1.86 ; Service Oriented Professionals M = 2.19 ; General Population M = 2.22
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 3On range 0 - 10
Mean1.836.20
Standard deviation0.732.19

Scores in123
%36.344.119.6

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Prisoners vs. Comparison GroupsH13abCurrent general mental health
Prisoners vs. Comparison GroupsP13abCurrent imprisonment, also classified as above ↑
Prisoners vs. Comparison GroupsC13aa01Earlier criminal behaviour, also classified as above ↑
Prisoners vs. Comparison GroupsH16ab04bIn mental hospital, also classified as above ↑
Prisoners vs. Comparison GroupsO01ab02Kind of occupation (profession), also classified as above ↑
Prisoners vs. Comparison GroupsI02ab03Living in a mental hospital, also classified as above ↑
Prisoners vs. Comparison GroupsI02ab07Living in a prison, also classified as above ↑