Findings on happiness in Halman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /1

Author(s)Halman, L.C.; DeMoor, R.A.; Heunks, F.J.; Zanders, H.
TitleTraditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
SourceTilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands
Public18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
 Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany-West, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Northern-Ireland , Spain, UK
Collect periodspring
Survey nameWorldValuesSurvey 1
 European Value Survey 1
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 Systematic probability samples, each post-stratified by age. Total European sample stratified by N and demografic share of countries in European population. COUNTRY N France 1200 Great-Britain 1231 West Germany 1305 Italy 1348 Netherlands 1221 Denmark 1182 Belgium 1145 Spain 2303 Ireland 1217 Northern Ireland 312
Respondents N =12464
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Highly structured
General remarksPart of data were not published in the book but provided on request by the investigator.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy.
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelSatisfacion
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly exited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelAffect
RemarksFindings based on this measure are not reported in this publication.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Family IncomeI01ab03Household income
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Own home-ECH22ab01aHouse owned or rented
ReligousnessR10af02Self-definition as religious
Urban livingL14ab02aOpen country vs village
WorkE02abCurrent employment status
WorkE02ad02Hours work, also classified as above ↑