Findings on happiness in Oishi et al. (2007a): study 1981

Author(s)Oishi, S.; Diener, E.; Lucas, R.E.
TitleThe Optimum Level of Well-Being. Can People Be Too Happy?
SourcePerspectives on Psychological Science, 2007, Vol. 2, 346 - 360
Public18+ aged, general public, 96 nations, 1981-2000
Last assesment2000
 1981, 1990, 1995, 2000.
Survey nameWorldValuesSurv 1-5
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
 Non-probability sample of nations, Probability samples within nations
Respondents N =118519
Non ResponseNot available
 not reported
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelWorld Values Survey
Page in publication349
RemarksTo compare groups transformed to: -the most satisfied individuals (score 10) -the moderately satisfied individuals (score 8 or 9) Transformed in dummy variable: 1-9=0 and 10=1 to test nonlinearity at the highest end of happiness (difference between the most satisfied and the moderately satisfied individuals).
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Political activityP09ab02Political participation
Salary, IncomeI01ab01Personal income
Stable long-term relationshipsL19abCurrent love-life
Stable long-term relationshipsH20ab01Living alone or not, also classified as above ↑
Stable long-term relationshipsL19ab04Steady love-relation, also classified as above ↑
Volunteer activitiesA02abCurrent activity pattern
Volunteer activitiesS07ab03Voluntary work, also classified as above ↑