Findings on happiness in Dykstra & Wagner (2007): study DE 1990

Publication
Author(s)Dykstra, P.A.; Wagner, M.
TitlePathway to Childlessness and Late-Life Outcomes.
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 2007, Vol. 26, 1487 - 1517
DOIDOI:10.1177/0192513X07303879
Investigation
Public70-100+ aged, West-Berlin, Germany 1990-1993
 1990-1993
Survey nameNot available
 German data: BASE; a multidisciplinary investigation of old people aged 70 to older than 100 years.
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
 Core-sample selected from probability sample of 70+aged., stratifying by age and sexe. Six agegroups of each 43 men and 43 women were selected, age 70-74, 75-79, 80-84, 85-89, 90-94 and 95+
Respondents N =516
Non Response32%
 1908 people were invited; 32% refused to take part, 2% could not take part. 49% (=928) took part in Intake Assessment.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Interviews in 14 sessions that covered mental and physical health, psychological functioning and social and economic situation.
General remarksFindings of a paralel study in the Netherlands are also reported in this paper as well in Dutch in Dykstra 1998.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: Taken all together, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life in general? 1 very dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 very satisfied
ClassificationO-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
Author's labelLife Satisfaction
RemarksMen: M = 3,8 (N=258); Women:M = 3,6 (N=258).
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Mean3.70
Standard deviation


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Current ageA04ab03Age-differences among elders
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Life HistoryL08aaEarlier life (antecedents of happiness)
Life HistoryS15aa01Summed effect of earlier conditions, also classified as above ↑
Loss of childrenC03aa02dDeath of children
Loss of childrenF02aaFamily career (family life-cycle), also classified as above ↑
Loss of childrenL06aa01bSpecific earlier life-events, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/first, second, third marriageL05aa01Earlier life-change
Marital history/first, second, third marriageM01aa02dStill with first spouse, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single after divorceL05aa01Earlier life-change
Marital history/single after divorceM01aa02aEver divorced/separated, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single after several marriagesL05aa01Earlier life-change
Marital history/single after several marriagesM01aa02Earlier marital transitions, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single after widowhoodL05aa01Earlier life-change
Marital history/single after widowhoodM01aa02bEver widowed, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single after widowhoodL06aa01bSpecific earlier life-events, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single vs in first marriageM01aa01cLife-long single
Never had childrenL05aa01Earlier life-change
Never had childrenC03aa01Ever had children (vs not), also classified as above ↑
Never had childrenF02aaFamily career (family life-cycle), also classified as above ↑
Occupational history, upward mobilityS05aa01Earlier social mobility
Occupational history, upward mobilityS05ab02Intra-generational mobility, also classified as above ↑
Occupational history, upward mobilityO01aaOccupational career, also classified as above ↑
Retirement career (exit-age)E02aaDevelopment of one's employment
Retirement career (exit-age)R12aaRetirement career, also classified as above ↑