Findings on happiness in Dykstra & Wagner (2007): study DE 1990

Publication
Author(s)Dykstra, P.A.; Wagner, M.
TitlePathway to Childlessness and Late-Life Outcomes.
SourceJournal of Family Issues, 2007, Vol. 26, 1487 - 1517
DOIDOI:10.1177/0192513X07303879
Investigation
Public70-100+ aged, West-Berlin, Germany 1990-1993
 1990-1993
Survey nameNot available
 German data: BASE; a multidisciplinary investigation of old people aged 70 to older than 100 years.
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
 Core-sample selected from probability sample of 70+aged., stratifying by age and sexe. Six agegroups of each 43 men and 43 women were selected, age 70-74, 75-79, 80-84, 85-89, 90-94 and 95+
Respondents N =516
Non Response32%
 1908 people were invited; 32% refused to take part, 2% could not take part. 49% (=928) took part in Intake Assessment.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Interviews in 14 sessions that covered mental and physical health, psychological functioning and social and economic situation.
General remarksFindings of a paralel study in the Netherlands are also reported in this paper as well in Dutch in Dykstra 1998.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on single question: Taken all together, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life in general? 1 very dissatisfied 2 not satisfied 3 neither satisfied nor dissatisfied 4 satisfied 5 very satisfied
ClassificationO-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
Author's labelLife Satisfaction
RemarksMen: M = 3,8 (N=258); Women:M = 3,6 (N=258).
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Mean3.70
Standard deviation


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Current ageA04ab03Age difference among elderly
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Life HistoryL08aaEarlier life (antecedents of happiness)
Life HistoryS15aa01Summed effect of earlier conditions, also classified as above ↑
Loss of childrenC03aa02dDeath of children
Loss of childrenF02aaFamily career (family life-cycle), also classified as above ↑
Loss of childrenL06aa01bSpecific earlier life-events, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/first, second, third marriageL05aa01Earlier life-change
Marital history/first, second, third marriageM01aa02dStill with first spouse, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single after divorceL05aa01Earlier life-change
Marital history/single after divorceM01aa02aEver divorced/separated, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single after several marriagesL05aa01Earlier life-change
Marital history/single after several marriagesM01aa02Earlier marital transitions, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single after widowhoodL05aa01Earlier life-change
Marital history/single after widowhoodM01aa02bEver widowed, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single after widowhoodL06aa01bSpecific earlier life-events, also classified as above ↑
Marital history/single vs in first marriageM01aa01cLife-long single
Never had childrenL05aa01Earlier life-change
Never had childrenC03aa01Ever had children (vs not), also classified as above ↑
Never had childrenF02aaFamily career (family life-cycle), also classified as above ↑
Occupational history, upward mobilityS05aa01Earlier social mobility
Occupational history, upward mobilityS05ab02Intra-generational mobility, also classified as above ↑
Occupational history, upward mobilityO01aaOccupational career, also classified as above ↑
Retirement career (exit-age)E02aaDevelopment of one's employment
Retirement career (exit-age)R14aaRetirement career, also classified as above ↑