Findings on happiness in Ganglmair Wooliscroft & Lawson (2008): study NZ 2005

Author(s)Ganglmair Wooliscroft, A.; Lawson, R.
TitleApplying the International Wellbeing Index to Investigate Subjective Wellbeing of New Zealanders with European and with Maori Heritage.
SourceNew Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 2008, Vol. 3, 57 - 72
Public18+ aged, general public, New-Zealand, 2005
Collect period11
Survey nameNot available
 Data: New Zealand Consumer Lifestyle Study (Todd et al. 2000; Lawson et al. 2006). The International Wellbeing Index (IWI) including the Personal Well-being Index (PWI) and the National Wellbeing Index (NWI) was included for the first time in 2005.
SampleProbability stratified sample
 representative in terms of sex and location
Respondents N =3556
 The sampling frame was a commercially acquired list of names and adresses from NZ Post designed to be representative of New Zealand in terms of sex and location. 78% (N= 2769 ) considered themselves New Zealanders with European heritage; 8% (N=289) considered themselves with Maori heritage. In comparison to the New Zealand Census 2006 (Statistics New Zealand 2006) i.e. an over-representation of the New Zealanders with European heritage and under-representation of the New Zealanders with Maori heritage
Non Response63,4%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Respondents were asked to indicate their ethnicity as being of European or Maori descent
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole? 0 completely unsatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 neither unsatisfied nor satisfied 6 7 8 9 10 completely satisfied First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used since 2005)
Author's labelSubjective Well-being
Page in publication57. 66
RemarksPersonal Wellbeing Index (PWI) and National Wellbeing Index (NWI) for New Zealanders of European descent. For New Zealanders of Maori descent: M=66,5, SD=22,1. Means and standard deviations are expressed in % scale range in the report.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation20.202.02

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Ethnic identityE04ab03Ethnic status in specific nations
Satisfaction with Achieviement in LifeS02ae02Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Satisfaction with Achieviement in LifeL04ac01pSuccessful (vs failure), also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with Personal RelationshipsI07af02Satisfaction with intimacy
Satisfaction with business in New ZealandN04adAttitudes to economy in the nation
Satisfaction with economic situation in New ZealandN04adAttitudes to economy in the nation
Satisfaction with feeling part of communityL17ac04Satisfaction with social contacts in vinicity
Satisfaction with feeling part of communityL17ab01dSocial cohesion in vinicity, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with future securityH19ab01Specific personal hopes
Satisfaction with government in New-ZealandP09ag01Attitudes to government
Satisfaction with HealthH14af04Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with life domainsN01acCurrent satisfaction with nation
Satisfaction with multiple domains of lifeL04ad02Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
Satisfaction with national security in New ZealandN13acAttitudes to position of the nation
satisfaction with New Zealands' environmentN05ac02Satisfaction with natural environment
Satisfaction with safetyL17ab02bSatisfaction with safety in vinicity
Satisfaction with social conditions in New ZealandN14ab07aAttitudes to social relations in the nation
Satisfaction with Standard of LivingI01af05eSatisfaction with standard of living