Findings on happiness in Pinhey et al. (1997): study US Guam 1991

Author(s)Pinhey, T.K.; Colfax, R.S.; Rubinstein, D.H.
TitleOverweight and Happiness: The Reflected Self-Appraisal Hypothesis Reconstructed.
SourceSocial Science Quarterly, 1997, Vol. 78, 747 - 755.
Public18+ aged, general public, Guam, USA, 1991
Collect period3-5
Survey nameUS-Behavioral Risk Factor Survey
SampleProbability systematic sample
 Sampling frame of 35277 households; relative proportion of households for each of 19 villages to the total pool was calculated; interviews with head of household, spouse and eldest dependent (18+); one was chosen for inclusion in the study.
Respondents N =398
Non Response29,6
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person? 6 all of the time 5 most of the time 4 a good bit of the time 3 some of the time 2 a little of the time 1 none of the time Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 6On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.16

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04ab01Young versus old
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
EmployedE02abCurrent employment status
EthnicityE04ab03tEthnic status in the USA
IncomeI01ab03Household income
MarriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
ParentC03aa01Ever had children (vs not)
R*RS15abSummed effects of current individual conditions (micro level)
SexeG01aaSex (male vs female)