Findings on happiness in Veenhoven (2008b): study ZZ 1995

Author(s)Veenhoven, R.
TitleComparability of Happiness accross Nations.
SourceSchool of Sociology and Social Work Journal no.104, Kwansei Gakuin University, 2008, Kobe, Japan.
PublicAdults, general public, 98 nations, 2000s
 Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Bosnia, Brazil, Britain, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech.Rep., Denmark, DominicanRep., Egypt, ElSalvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany-E., Germany, Gernamy-W., Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Hondurs, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Irak, Ireland-N., Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgisthan, Latvia, Libanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Mali, Malta, Mexico, Moldavia, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, NewZealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Peru, Phillippines, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Russia, S-Africa, S-Korea, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Singpore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switserland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, USA, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zimbabwe.
Survey nameNot available
 various surveys gathered in World Database of Happiness, States of nations
SampleMixed samples
 Non probality samples of nations, Probabillity samples within nations
Respondents N =150000
 Sample size varies between 1000 and 2000 per nation
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? 0 dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
1990s mood (Affect Balance scale)H07aa02Overall Happiness and Hedonic Affect-level
Discrimination of womenN14ab01cGender inequality (women emancipation)
Disparity in happinessN14ab01haInequality in happiness
Disparity in incomesN04abCurrent economic condition of the nation
Disparity in incomesN14ab01dIncome inequality, also classified as above ↑
IndividualismN14ab07cIndividualization, also classified as above ↑
Personal freedomN14ab02aPrivate freedom in nations
Political freedomN12NATION: POLITICS
Political freedomN14ab02bPolitical freedom, also classified as above ↑
Purchasing power per headN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
Respect of civil rightsN08ab03Human-rights protection
same languageN02abCurrent cultural conditions the nation
Social securityN04ab13aeSocial security in nation
Suicide ratesN09ab01beSuicide rate
ToleranceN11ab27Modal tolerance
Trust in compatriotsN11ab27Modal tolerance
Trust in compatriotsN11ab28aTrust in fellow-man, also classified as above ↑
Voluntary workN14ab03cSocial cohesion in nation