Findings on happiness in Diener et al. (1991): study US 1989

Publication
Author(s)Diener, E.; Pavot, W.; Sandvik, E.
TitleHappiness is the Frequency, not Intensity, of Positive versus Negative Affect.
SourceStrack, F.;et al;Eds.: "Subjective Well-Being", Pergamon, 1991, Oxford, UK, 119 - 140
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/strack_f_1991.pdf
Investigation
PublicStudents , USA, 1989
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 university students
Respondents N =107
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness. 10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!) 9 very happy (feeling really good and elated!) 8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good) 7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful) 6 slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral) 5 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral) 4 mildly unhappy (just a bit low) 3 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down) 2 very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low) 1 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down) Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.
ClassificationM-FH-g-sq-v-10-a
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on 18 questions: How have things been going in the past few weeks? Please tick one of the two boxes for each of the questions below: A Have you been anoyed with someone? B Have you ever felt lonely or remote from people? C Have you ever felt that things were going your way? D Have you ever felt very worried E Have you ever felt pleased because you've got friends? F Have you ever been afraid of what might happen? G Have you ever felt particularly excited or interested in something? H Have you ever felt depressed or unhappy? I Have you ever been full of energy? J Have you ever felt really tired? K Have you ever felt so restless that you could not sit long in a chair? L Have you ever felt that you were really enjoying yourself? M Have you ever felt really cheerfull? N Have you ever felt like crying? O Have you ever felt at the top of the world? P Have you ever felt confident about the future? Q Have you ever felt bored? R Have you ever felt pleased about having accomplished something? Rated: 0: no 1: yes Computation: (C+E+G+I+L+M+O+P+R) - (A+B+D+F+H+J+K+N+Q) Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale: extended version
ClassificationA-AB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole.....? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
ClassificationO-DT-u-sq-v-7-a
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Frequency and average affectA03ab03Hedonic tone in affect
Frequency and average affectA03ab04Intensity of affects, also classified as above ↑
Frequency of positive affectA03ab03Hedonic tone in affect
Intensity of positive AffectA03ab04Intensity of affects
Interaction of positiv and negative affectA03ab03Hedonic tone in affect
Interaction of positiv and negative affectA03ab04Intensity of affects, also classified as above ↑
MaximizerH07ab02dA-AB by A-AB
MaximizerH07ad02by pure indicators of hedonic level, also classified as above ↑
MaximizerA03ab03Hedonic tone in affect, also classified as above ↑
MaximizerA03ab04Intensity of affects, also classified as above ↑
MaximizerH07aa02hO-DT by A-AB, also classified as above ↑