Findings on happiness in Graney (1973): study US 1967

Author(s)Graney, M.J.
TitleThe Affect Balance Scale and Old Age.
SourcePaper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Sociological Society, 1973, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Public62-89 aged females, followed 4 years USA, 1967-71
Last assesment1971
 T1: 1967 T2: 1971
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability systematic random sample of residents of public housing for the elderly from the rosters of a metropolitan housing and redevelopment authority.
Respondents N =44
Non Response27%; 24% unattainable, 3% incomplete.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Sructured interview at home.
General remarksSame study reported in GRANE 1973B and GRANE 1974.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly exited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Author's labelHappiness.
RemarksSlightly positively skewed: 30% happy, 45% neutral, 25% unhappy (in 1971)
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04ab03Age-differences among elders
Cosmopolitan orientation towards social participationS07ac01Concern about organizational participation
Gains in social status over 4 yearsF05aa02Change in freedom
Gains in social status over 4 yearsR11aa02Change in resources, also classified as above ↑
Gains in social status over 4 yearsL06ab02Specific current life-events, also classified as above ↑
Physical abilityH14ac01Degree of restriction