Findings on happiness in Shifa & Leibbrandt (2018): study ET 2004

Author(s)Shifa, M.; Leibbrandt, M.
TitleRelative Economic Position and Subjective Well-Being in a Poor Society: Does Relative Position Indicator Matter?
SourceSocial lndicators Research, 2018, Vol. 139, 611-630
DOIdoi: org/10. 1007/sl 1205-017-1739-5
Public18+ aged, rural population of poor communities Ethiopia. Folowed 4 years 2004-2009
Last assesment2009
 Two waves were used
Survey nameETH-Ethiopia Rural Household survey
SampleProbability stratified sample
 two-stage stratified sampling design: first stage, 15 villages/peasant associations (PAs) were selected: Second stage, a self-weighting sampling technique was used to select 1477 households randomly from the sampled villages
Respondents N =1375
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
Author's labelLife evaluation ladder
Page in publication614
RemarksIn the empirical analysis, code 0 with code 1 and code 10, code 9 with code 8 were combined due to the very low number of observations for codes 0, 9, and 10.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.77

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Household land holdingsP12ab02aBusiness assets
Household lifestock holdingsP12ab02abLivestock