Findings on happiness in Selim (2008): study TR 1990

Author(s)Selim, S.
TitleLife Satisfaction and Happiness in Turkey.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 88, 531 - 562
Public18+ aged, general public, Turkey, 1990-2001
 1990, 1996, 2001
Survey nameNot available
 World Values Surveys
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
 Independent samples 1990, 1996 and 2001 combined
Respondents N =6338
 1990: 1030, 1996: 1907, 2001: 3401
Non Responsenot reported
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy.
Author's labelHappiness in Turkey
Page in publication543
RemarksHappiness assessed in : 1990: M= 3,081 SD=0,755 1996: M= 3,368 SD=0,726 2001: M= 3,014 SD=0,909
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.812.23

Scores in1234

Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction in Turkey
Page in publication543
RemarksLife satisfaction assessed in : 1990: M= 6,389 SD=2,468 1996: M= 6,193 SD=2,527 2001: M= 5,799 SD=2,689
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.572.86

Scores in12345678910

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Education levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Employement statusR14abCurrent status: retired or not
Employement statusE02ab01Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
Employement statusE02ad01Full-time vs part-time, also classified as above ↑
Employement statusS01ac01aInvolved in schooling or not, also classified as above ↑
Employement statusE02ae03Self employed, also classified as above ↑
Employement statusE02ab03Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Health statusH14abCurrent general health status
Importance of familyF02ag01Concern about family
Importance of friendsF06ah01Concern about friends
Importance of leisure timeL03ad01Concern about leisure
Importance of politicsP09ab01Political concern
Importance of workW05abCurrent concern about work
IncomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Marital statusM02aa03Married vs divorced
Marital statusM02aa04Married vs separated , also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM01ab01bRecent marriage, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM01ab01aRecent start of living as married, also classified as above ↑
Number of childrenC03ab01Number of children
Political orientationP09ab01Political concern
Proud of nationalityN01abCurrent attitudes to nation
ReligionR12af01Concern about religion
Trend happiness in males and femalesE03ab01bbTrend happiness in males /females
Trend happiness in TurkeyE03ab01aTrend in general public
Trust to peopleT04ab02Trust in people
Trust to peopleP05diTrusting, also classified as above ↑