Findings on happiness in Safi (2010): study ZZ Western Europe 2002

Author(s)Safi, M.
TitleImmigrants' Life Satisfaction in Europe: Between Assimilation and Discrimination.
SourceEuropean Sociological Review, 2010, Vol. 26, 159 - 176
Public15+ aged, general public, 12 European nations 2002-2006
 Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
 2002, 2004, 2006
Survey nameNot available
 European Social Surveys (ESS) 2002- 2004- 2006
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents N =60169
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole nowadays? 0 extremely dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 extremely satisfied - don't know - no answer
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication4
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.01

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
ageA04abCurrent age (in years)
annual incomeI01ab03Household income
educationE01ab02Level of school-education
ethnic statusE04ab03Ethnic status in specific nations
ethnic statusM07aa03Migration generation, also classified as above ↑
genderG01aaSex (male vs female)
healthH12abCurrent healthy life-style
immigrationM07aa01Ever migrated or not
immigrationN10acForeign nationalities in nation, also classified as above ↑
immigrationM07aa02Time since migration, also classified as above ↑
married and parental statusC03abCurrent parental status
married and parental statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states), also classified as above ↑
migration and length of stayM07aa02Time since migration
migration generationM07aa03Migration generation
occupationO01abCurrent occupation
Perceived discriminationE04ab01aPerceived occurrence of ethnic discrimination
unemploymentE02ab03Unemployed involuntary