Findings on happiness in Veenhoven & Ehrhardt (1995): study ZZ 1980

Author(s)Veenhoven, R.; Ehrhardt, J.
TitleThe Cross-National Pattern of Happiness.Test of Predictions Implied in Three Theories of Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1995, Vol. 34, 33 - 68
PublicAdults, general public, 32 countries, around 1980
 Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Britain, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany (West), Greece, Hungary, India, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourgh, Mexico, Netherlands, North Ireland, Norway, Philippines, Portugal, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, USA
Survey nameNot available
 World Databse of Happiness, Happiness in Nations (Veenhoven 1993)
SampleMixed samples
 Non-probability sample of nations, Probability samples within nations
Respondents N =35000
 Samples between 1000 - 2000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here are some words and phrases. We would like you to use these in describing how you feel about your present life.. 1 unhappy 2 3 4 5 6 7 happy (originally presented horizontally) Item in Campbell's semantic differential scale
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.30

Full textSelf report on single question: Various questions on overall satisfaction with life as a whole rated on numeral scales. Scores transformed lineairly to scale 0-10 and next retransformed to range 1-7 e
RemarksFindings based on this measure are not reported in this publication.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
educationN04ab11cbPublic education in nation
educationN04ac04gSchools in nation, also classified as above ↑
Explained varianceN14NATION: SOCIETY
Freedom of pressN14ab01baFreedom of press in nation
gender equalityN14ab02cGender inequality (women emancipation) in nation
Income inequalityN14ab02dIncome inequality in nation
media attendenceN02ab03bMedia attendance in narion
NutritionN04ac02bMalnutrition in nation
Political democracyN12ab04Political democracy in nation
real income per capitaN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
Social securityN04ab11ceSocial security in nation