Findings on happiness in Evans et al. (2007): study GB 1994

Publication
Author(s)Evans, S.; Banerjee, S.; Huxley, P.J.; Leese, M.
TitleThe Impact of Mental Illness on Quality of Life: A Comparison of Severe Mental Illness, Common Mental Disorder and Healthy Population Samples.
SourceQuality of Life Research, 2007, Vol. 16, 17 - 29
DOIDOI:10.1007/s11136-006-9002-6
Investigation
PublicMental patients and controls, followed 2 years, UK 1994-2001
 a) Patients of mental hospital, b) community residence with common mental dosorder, c) healthy population.
Last assesment1996
 Mental patients (a) followed from 1994 (T1) to1996 (T2). Community residents (b+c) interviewed in 1999(T1) and 2001(T2)
Survey nameNot available
 a) UK 700 trial of case management, b+c postal survey
SampleMixed samples
 a: Severe mental illness(SMI) : Patients of mental hospital, aged 18-65, diagnosed psychotic of at least 2 years duration, hospitalized at least 2 times, at least one of which prior to recruitement. b: Common mental disorder ( CMD) 18+ aged community residents, participants in postal survey, scoring high on GQH-12 questionnaire. c: Healthy population: 18+ aged community residents, participants in postal survey, scoring low on GQH-12 questionnaire
Respondents N =149
 Severe mental illness (SMI) T1:149, T2:138. Commen mental disorder (CMD) T1: 794, T2 345. Healthy population T1: 1119 T2: 583
Non Response94%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice in interview: How do you feel about your life as a whole......? 7 could not be better 6 5 4 3 2 1 could not be worse Summation: arithmetic mean Name: Andrews & Withey's "Delighted-Terrible Scale" (original version). Also known as Lehman's 'Global lifesatisfaction'
ClassificationO-DT-u-sqt-v-7-b
Author's labelgeneral life-quality
Page in publication17-29
RemarksAverage happiness at T1 and T2 (+2 yrs) - severe mental illness: 3,86/ 4.45 - common mental disorde:r 4.19/ 4.25 - healthy population: 5.39/ 5.12
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
At least monthy family contactF03ab02Contacts with relatives
Depressed (vs not depressed)H13ac04aDepressive (f31-33)
Family oppertunities restrictedF03ab02Contacts with relatives
Financial opportunities restrictedI01ac01`objective` poverty
Health opportunities restrictedH14ac01Degree of restriction
Home owner cf not a home ownerH22ab01aHouse owned or rented
IncomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Living situation opportunities restrictedR11abCurrent resources
Married vs not marriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Mental healthH04ab02Actual changes in happiness
Mental healthH06abChange in conditions for happiness, also classified as above ↑
Mental healthH13abCurrent general mental health , also classified as above ↑
Mental healthH16ab04bIn mental hospital, also classified as above ↑
Mental healthI02ab03Living in a mental hospital, also classified as above ↑
Mental healthE03ae01Trend behavioral correlates of happiness, also classified as above ↑
Mental health consultedH13ab02bScores on symptom inventories
positive vsnegative dispositionP05ciPositive reacting
RestrictionsR11abCurrent resources
Safety opppertunities restrictedL17ab02bSatisfaction with safety in community
TimeT01ab03Perceived time-pressure