Findings on happiness in Cunado & Pérez de Gracia (2012): study ES 2008

Author(s)Cunado, J.; Pérez de Gracia, F.
TitleDoes Media Consumption Make Us Happy? Evidence for Spain.
SourceJournal of Media Economics, 2012, Vol.25, 8 - 34
Public15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2008
Last assesment2009
Survey nameEU-ESS 4: 2008
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Respondents N =2563
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textHow happy are you? 1. not happy at all 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. absolutely happy
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication12,15
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.631.81

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Age and age squaredA04abCurrent age (in years)
Education and education squaredE01ab02Level of school-education
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
HealthH13ab02Self ratings of mental health
IncomeI01ab01Personal income
Main activityE02abCurrent employment status
Main activityR14abCurrent status: retired or not, also classified as above ↑
Main activityE02ab01Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
Main activityS01ac01aInvolved in schooling or not, also classified as above ↑
Main activityE02ab04Not in labour force, also classified as above ↑
Main activityE02ab03Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Time watching tvA02ac13TV watching, radio listening
Time watching tvL03ac02lTv watching, radio listening, also classified as above ↑