Findings on happiness in Enrique et al. (2018): study ES 2015

Author(s)Enrique, A.; Bretón-López, J.; Molinari, G.
TitleEfficacy of An Adaptation of The Best Possible Self Intervention Implemented Through Positive Technology: A Randomized Control Trial
SourceApplied Research Quality Life, 2018, Vol. 13, 671 - 689
DOIdoi: 10.1007/s11482-017-9552-5
PublicYoung adults participating in a happiness training, Spain, 201?
 Mostly students and administrative personel from 2 universities
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability self-selected
 Recruitment through adverstisements at two universities
Respondents N =78
 Intervention n = 38, Control n = 40
Non ResponseNot available
 81 randomized, 3 dropouts before first assessment.
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
General remarksYear of data gathering not reported, assumed 2015
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you generally feel this way, that is, how you feel on average? A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('in general' version)
Author's labelPositive and negative affect
Page in publication675
RemarksPre training score, both groups together
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -4 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Best Possible Self InterventionH04ab02Actual changes in happiness
Best Possible Self InterventionH16ad03aBest possible self exercise, also classified as above ↑
Best Possible Self InterventionH16ae02aExercise, also classified as above ↑
Best Possible Self InterventionH16ad03eGoal setting training, also classified as above ↑
Best Possible Self InterventionH16ae04aMono sort, also classified as above ↑
Best Possible Self InterventionH16ae06dNo particular setting, recruitment on interest, also classified as above ↑
Best Possible Self InterventionH16ae03aOne-time treatment, also classified as above ↑
Best Possible Self InterventionH16ae05dVoluntary, unsolicited, also classified as above ↑