Findings on happiness in Brown et al. (2009a): study US 2006

Publication
Author(s)Brown, K.W.; Kasser, T.; Ryan, R.M.
TitleWhen what One has is Enough: Mindfulness, Financial Desire Discrepancy, and Subjective Well-Being.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2009, Vol. 43, 727 - 736
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0092656609001706
DOIdoi:10.1016/j.jrp.2009.07.002
Investigation
PublicParticipants in a mindfulness meditation course, USA, 200?
 71% female, mean age 53.3, 84% caucasian
Survey nameUnnamed study
 study 4
SampleNon-probability self-selected
 Participants were recruited among attendees of mindfulness meditation courses. Recruitment was done per email and in person at the training site
Respondents N =69
 initial sample n = 77
Non ResponseNot available
 8 participants dropped out (10%)
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 completed in a 1-hour single session
General remarksyear of data gathering ot reported, assumed 2006
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelf report on 25 questions A Selfreport on life satisfaction on 5 questions a In most ways my life is close to ideal b The conditions of my life are excellent c I am satisfied with my life d So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life e If I could live my life over, I would change nothing Rated: 7 strongly agree ...1 strongly disagree B: How do you feel on average? a nervous b distressed c afraid d jittery e irritable f upset g scared h exiled i ashamed j guilty k hostile Rated: 1 very slightly or not at all ... 5 extremely C: How do you feel on average? a active b determined c inspired d enthusiastic e alert f attentive g proud h strong i interested Rated: 1 very slightly or not at all ...5 extremely Computation: (A + (mean C- meanB))/2 Source: A: Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS),range 1-7 B+C: Watson's Positive and Negative affect Schedule (PANAS range -4-+4) Scae range combined measure: -1.5 to + 5.5
ClassificationM-AO---mq-v*-7-e
Author's labelsubjective wellbeing
Page in publication733
Remarksmean score prior to training
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range - On range 0 - 10
Mean2.48
Standard deviation1.42


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Change in household income past 5 yearsI01aa02aChange in income level
Change in household income past yearI01aa02aChange in income level
Change in personal income past 5 yearsI01aa02aChange in income level
Change in personal income past yearI01aa02aChange in income level
Desire discrepancyI01af05bSatisfaction with financial situation
Household income (log)I01ab03Household income
Mindfulness (FMI)P05cdOpen
Mindfulness (MAAS)P05cdOpen
Mindfulness training and pre-test, post-test and follow-up SWBH04ab02Actual changes in happiness
Mindfulness training and pre-test, post-test and follow-up SWBM06abCurrent meditation, also classified as above ↑
Mindfulness training and pre-test, post-test and follow-up SWBH16ae02aExercise, also classified as above ↑
Mindfulness training and pre-test, post-test and follow-up SWBH16ae01aGuided intervention, also classified as above ↑
Mindfulness training and pre-test, post-test and follow-up SWBA02ac08Meditating,praying, also classified as above ↑
Mindfulness training and pre-test, post-test and follow-up SWBH16ad03hMeditation, mindfullness, also classified as above ↑
Mindfulness training and pre-test, post-test and follow-up SWBH16ae06Setting of positive psychological treatment, also classified as above ↑
Mindfulness training and pre-test, post-test and follow-up SWBH16ae05dVoluntary, unsolicited, also classified as above ↑
Personal income (log)I01ab01Personal income