Findings on happiness in Emmons & McCullough (2003): study US 2003

Publication
Author(s)Emmons, R.A.; McCullough, M.E.
TitleCounting Blessings versus Burdens: an Experimental Investigation of Gratitude and Subjective Well-Being in Daily Life.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2003, Vol. 84, 377 - 389
DOIDOI:10.1037/0022-3514.84.2.377
Investigation
PublicMedical patients in Gratitude exercise, USA 2003.
 65 patients wirh neuro-muscular diseases, 44 women, 21 men;aged 22-77, mean 49 years. 68% married, 42% with college or postgraduate degrees.
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability self-selected
 Participants were recruited through a mailing list compiled by the University of California. They received US $20 after sending in all 21 forms
Respondents N =65
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentDiary
 21 daily experience rating forms, to be completed at the end of the day
General remarksYear of study not reported .Assumed 1998 Study 3 of 3 studies, page 384.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 30 questions repeated 9 weeks To what extent did you feel last week,, A interested B distressed C excited D alert E iritable F sad G stressed H ashamed I happy J grateful K tired L upset O strong P nervous Q guilty R joyful S determined T thankful U calm V attentive X forgiving Y hostile Z energetic Aa hopeful Ab enthusiastictic Ac active Ad afraid Ae,proud Af appreciative Ag angry Rated 1 not at all 2 3 4 5 very much Computation: (A+C+D+I+G+J+O+R+S+T+U+V+X+Z+Aa+Ab+Ac+AF)/17 - (B+E+F+G+H_+K+L+P+Q+Y+Ad+AG)/13
ClassificationA-AB-cw-mqr-v-5-a
RemarksAverage scores for positive and negative affect calculated using factor analysis.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelf report on single question: Taking everything into acount about what has happened in ther last year and what you expect in the near future, how do you feel about your life in general? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 equally satisfied as dissatisfied 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible - no feelings at all - never thought about it
ClassificationO-DT-c-sq-v-7-a
Author's labelGlobal appraisal of life as a whole
Page in publication380
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textClinical rating by six staff psychologists who had studied the subjects intensively. Subjects were ranked for "Happiness"
ClassificationA-?-u-sq-v-5-a
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Happiness training: Gratitude exercises.P03aa02eChange in thankfulness
Happiness training: Gratitude exercises.H16ad02gaGratitude training, also classified as above ↑
Happiness training: Gratitude exercises.H16ag02ccOn invitation, payed, also classified as above ↑