Findings on happiness in Choi (2011): study NL 2009

Publication
Author(s)Choi, Y.W.
TitlePathways to Happiness.
SourceThesis University of Nijmegen, 2011, Netherlands
Investigation
PublicParticipants in a 9 day meditation retreat and controls, Netherlands, 2009
Collect perioddecember
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability self-selected
 Meditators: participants Controls: people without meditation experience matched for sexe, age and education
Respondents N =26
 13 Meditators, 13 matched controls
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 7 minute structured interviews, videotaped for later content-analysis
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textRatings made by trained students from video taped interviews on... A: Cheerful appearance rated on 7 step faces scale B: Happiness: I think this pwerson is happy 1 strongly disagree : 10 strongly agree C: Life satisfaction: I think this person looks satisfied 1 strongly disagree : 10 strongly agree
ClassificationA-CA-m-rc-nvt-0-a
Author's labelhappiness, perceived by outside observer
Page in publication70
RemarksRatings made by 50 psychology students for study credit. The same person was not rated twice by the same rater. The video tap[ed interviews of meditators and controls lasted about 7 minutes and involved the following topics: a: introdicing one self b: life in the last year and hobbies c: the weather of the current day and one's activities that day All interview were made in the same room and camera framed chest up
Error estimatesCronbach alpha. =.98
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelf report on 4 questions, full texts not reported A: Which (of the faces) best described how you feel at the present moment? 7 completely happy 6 5 4 neither happy nor unhappy 3 2 1 completely unhappy B: Which (of the faces) best described how you feel in general? 7 completely happy 6 5 4 neither happy nor unhappy 3 2 1 completely unhappy C: Taking all things together, would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy. D All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied Computation: A+B+C+D
ClassificationM-AO---mq-nvt-24-a
Author's labelhappiness, selfreported
Page in publication70
RemarksT1 Mean: Meditators 20,77, Controls: 21,92
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 4 - 28On range 0 - 10
Mean21.35
Standard deviation


Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly exited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
ClassificationA-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's labelPositive and Negative affect; selfreport
Page in publication70
RemarksAffect Balance computed by WDH team T1: Meditators 5,07, Controls 7,09
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range -5 - 5On range 0 - 10
Mean6.08
Standard deviation


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
9 day vipassana meditation retreatH04ab02Actual changes in happiness
9 day vipassana meditation retreatH16af02Care, also classified as above ↑
9 day vipassana meditation retreatM06abCurrent meditation, also classified as above ↑
9 day vipassana meditation retreatH16ae04Exercise, also classified as above ↑
9 day vipassana meditation retreatA02ac08Meditating,praying, also classified as above ↑
9 day vipassana meditation retreatH16ad02eaMeditation, mindfullness, also classified as above ↑
9 day vipassana meditation retreatH16ag02caOwn choice, also classified as above ↑
9 day vipassana meditation retreatH11ab02aPerceived sources of one's own happiness, also classified as above ↑