Findings on happiness in Lyubomirsky et al. (2006): study US 2006

Publication
Author(s)Lyubomirsky, S.; Dickerhoof, R.; Sousa, L.A.
TitleThe Costs and Benefits of Writing, Talking, and Thinking about Life's Triumphs and Defeats.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2006, Vol. 90, 692 - 708
DOIDOI:10.1037/0022-3514.90.4.692
Investigation
PublicStudent participants in a life review exercise and controls, California, USA, 2006
 70 females, 26 males; 40% Asians, 20% Lationo's, 20% Caucasians, 10% African Americans, and 10% other.
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Students were matched across conditions for gender
Respondents N =96
 Gender: females: N= 70; males: N=26. Age: M=19.88 years, SD=3.35.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 1. Respondents completed a packet of outcome measures administered during their ntroductory psychology class. From this initial adminidstration, 36 students were randomly selected to serve as a comparison group, and the remaining 60 were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 experimental groups (writing, talking, or thinking). 2. These 3 experiemntal groups were asked to sign up for 3 conscutive days of participation foloowed by an e-mail contact to take place 4 weeks after their 3rd day of initial participation. The experiemental participants were tested individually. First, they were asked to read an information form that briefly described the tasks involved in the study. Then they received a packet of outcome measures.The outcome measures were administered to respondents 2 times during the course of the study: at Time 1 (1st week of their psychology class for the comparisonb group, and on the 1st day of pasticipation for the 3 experimental groups, and at Time 2 (4 weeks after Time 1)via an e-mail message for all groups.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 20 questions. This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you feel this way during the past few weeks: A nervous B distressed C afraid D jittery E irritable F upset G scared H exiled I ashamed J guilty K hostile L active M determined N inspired O enthusiastic P alert Q attentive R proud S strong T interested Answer options: 1 very slightly or not at all 2 a little 3 moderately 4 quite a bit 5 extremely Negative affect score (NAS): A to K Positive affect score (PAS): L to T Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS Name: Watson's PANAS ('moment' version)
ClassificationA-BW-m-mqr-v-5-a
Author's labelAffect
Page in publication696
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Talking, writing, thinking about negative eventsH04ab02Actual changes in happiness
Talking, writing, thinking about negative eventsC11aa02Change in coping, also classified as above ↑
Talking, writing, thinking about negative eventsC11ab01Current coping-style, also classified as above ↑
Talking, writing, thinking about negative eventsH16ae02aExercise, also classified as above ↑
Talking, writing, thinking about negative eventsH16ad03jaLife-review exercise, also classified as above ↑
Talking, writing, thinking about negative eventsH16ae05aMandatory, also classified as above ↑
Talking, writing, thinking about negative eventsH16ae04aMono sort, also classified as above ↑
Talking, writing, thinking about negative eventsH16ae03bMultiple treatment moments, also classified as above ↑
Talking, writing, thinking about negative eventsH16ae06bSchool, also classified as above ↑