Findings on happiness in Emmons & McCullough (2003): study US 1998 /1

Author(s)Emmons, R.A.; McCullough, M.E.
TitleCounting Blessings versus Burdens: an Experimental Investigation of Gratitude and Subjective Well-Being in Daily Life.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2003, Vol. 84, 377 - 389
PublicStudents in a wellbeing course, USA, 1998
 192 undergraduates
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Psychology students, enrolled in a health psychology class, participating to fulfill the experiental learning component of the course.
Respondents N =192
 First 201 respondents, 9 were dropped for missing or incomplete data.
Non ResponseNot available
General remarksStudy 1 of 3 studies, p. 379. Year of study not reported, assumed 1998
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 30 questions repeated 9 weeks To what extent did you feel last week,, A interested B distressed C excited D alert E iritable F sad G stressed H ashamed I happy J grateful K tired L upset O strong P nervous Q guilty R joyful S determined T thankful U calm V attentive X forgiving Y hostile Z energetic Aa hopeful Ab enthusiastictic Ac active Ad afraid Ae,proud Af appreciative Ag angry Rated 1 not at all 2 3 4 5 very much Computation: (A+C+D+I+G+J+O+R+S+T+U+V+X+Z+Aa+Ab+Ac+AF)/17 - (B+E+F+G+H_+K+L+P+Q+Y+Ad+AG)/13
Author's labelmood
Page in publication379
RemarksAverage scores for Positive and Negative Affect calculated using factor analysis,
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole during the last week.....? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (last week version)
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Counting blessings/hassles exercisesH16ae04Exercise
Counting blessings/hassles exercisesH16ad02gaGratitude training, also classified as above ↑
Counting blessings/hassles exercisesH16ad03haLife-review exercise, also classified as above ↑
Counting blessings/hassles exercisesH16ag02cdMandatory, also classified as above ↑
Counting blessings/hassles exercisesH16af03School, also classified as above ↑
Counting blessings/hassles exercisesP05dfThankfull, also classified as above ↑