Findings on happiness in Killen & MacasKill (2015): study GB GB North East 2014

Publication
Author(s)Killen, A.; MacasKill, A.
TitleUsing a Gratitude Intervention to Enhance Well-Being in Older Adults.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2015, Vol. 16, 947 - 964
DOIDOI:10.1007/s10902-014-9542-3
Investigation
PublicElderly participants in a gratitude training,UK 2014
 Non-depressed students of 'Third Age University' program. 60-91 year aged, mean 70,84, sd 7,51.
Collect period2014
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability chunk sample
 Respondents were recruited from local community organizations for older adults, two branches of the University of the Third Age (U3A) and subscribers to an Elders' s Council newsletter. Not reported whether participants self-selected for boosting their happiness
Respondents N =88
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: web
 Some questionnares on paper + diaries
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 12 questions Please think of what you have been doing and experiencing during the past 4 weeks. Then report how much you experienced the following feelings; A posiitive B negative C good D bad E pleasant F unpleasant G happy H sad I afraid J joyful K angry L contented Rated: 1 very rarely or never 2 rarely 3 sometimes 4 often 5 very often or always Computation; (A+C++E+G+J+L) -(B+D+F+H+I+K) name: Diener's Scale of Positive and negative Experience SPANE-B
ClassificationA-AB-cm-mq-v-5-f
RemarksMean at T1 (pre-test): + 9,59 (sd = 6,79) Scale: -24 (6-30) to + 24 (30-6)
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range -24 - 24On range 0 - 10
Mean9.59
Standard deviation6.79


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Gratitude Intervention for older adultsH04ab02Actual changes in happiness
Gratitude Intervention for older adultsH16ad03gaCount blessings/curses, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude Intervention for older adultsH16ae04Exercise, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude Intervention for older adultsH16ae05Happiness diary, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude Intervention for older adultsH16ad03hbMood awareness training, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude Intervention for older adultsH16ag02cbOn invitation, no pay, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude Intervention for older adultsH16ad03bbSavouring training, also classified as above ↑
Gratitude Intervention for older adultsH16af03School, also classified as above ↑