Findings on happiness in Lombardo et al. (2018): study CA 2003

Author(s)Lombardo, P.; Jones, W.; Wang, L.
TitleThe Fundamental Association Between Mental Health And Life Satisfaction: Results from Successive Waves of A Canadian National Survey.
SourceBMC Public Health, 2018, Vol. 18, online, 1 - 9
Public12+ aged, general public, Canada, 2003-2012
Collect period2003
Last collect period2012
 Combined waves
Survey nameCN- Canadian Community Health Survey: combined waves
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 Pooled samples 2003-2012
Respondents N =666574
 For each period 129.000 respondents were interviewed. In total 646.471 participants were interviewed, of which 466.574 remained after subtraction of missing data and non-response.
Non Response72,9
AssesmentInterview: telephone (CATI)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: In general, how satisfied are you with your life.....? 5 very satisfied 4 satisfied 3 average 2 somewhat dissatisfied 1 very dissatisfied
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication3,4
RemarksThis question was asked in waves 2003-2008. From 2009 onwards a 0-10 scale was used, ratings from 0=very dissatisfied to 10= very satisfied. Scores of this scale were converted to a 1-5 scale, using cut-off points that reproduced the distribution found with the categorical life satisfaction before 2009.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.73

Full textSelfreport on single question How do you feel about your life as a whole right now? 0 very dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 very satisfied
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in publication3
RemarksUsed from 2009 on. Scores converted to fit the 5 step scale used 2003-2008
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Amount of stress in lifeH15ab03Current stress
Change in health compared to 1 year agoH14aa02Change in physical health
Household incomeI01ab03Household income
Personal income (in CAD)I01ab01Personal income
ProvinceR01ab06Region in Canada
Self-reported general healthH14ab02Self-perceived health
Self-reported mental healthH13ab02Self ratings of mental health
Self-reported mood or anxiety disorderP05afAnxious
Self-reported mood or anxiety disorderH13ac04Mood (affective) disorders (f30-f39), also classified as above ↑
Sense of community belongingL17ac01Attitude to community
Year of inclusion in panelI06aa01dTime of first interview (in follow-up study)