Findings on happiness in Welsch (2006): study ZZ EU 10 1990

Publication
Author(s)Welsch, H.
TitleEnvironment and Happiness: Valuation of Air Pollution using Life Satisfaction Data.
SourceEcological Economics, 2006, Vol. 58, 801 - 813
DOIDOI:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2005.09.006
Investigation
Public15+ aged, general public 10 EU nations 1990-1997
 Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany (West), Greece, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, UK
Last assesment1997
Survey nameEU-Eurobarometer combined waves
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents N =240000
 N not reported. Estimate based on 1500 respondents in 10 countries, twice a year, during 8 years. Data reduced to 80 nation-year observations
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksTwo surveys in each country every year, in the spring and the fall
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead? 4 very satisfied 3 fairly satisfied 2 not very satisfied 1 not at all satisfied - Don't know
ClassificationO-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in publication804, 811
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Mean3.10
Standard deviation0.34


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Change air pollution in nationN05ab05Environmental quality
Current air pollution in nationN05ab05Environmental quality
National incomeN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)