Findings on happiness in Jans-Beken (2018a): study NL 2016

Author(s)Jans-Beken, L
TitleUpward Spirals of Gratitude and Positive Affect in Daily Life: A Time-lagged Ecological Assessment Study Using the Experience Sampling Method.
SourcePdD dissetation, 2018 Open University of Heerlen, Heerlen, Netherlands, Capter 5.
PublicWorking aged (18-65), Netherlands, 2016
 Age range 18-65, Mean age: 39; SD = 15.
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
 Respondents recruited by graduate students of the Open University of the Netherlands through personal contact and on line social media.
Respondents N =126
 Dutch speaking adults Mean age = 39. Sd = 15.
Non Response20 respondents.
 20 respondents of the 126 excluded from analyses due to insufficient valid ESM-reports.
AssesmentInterview: telephone (CATI)
 One-time on line questionnaire for demographic info, positive mental health, psychopathology and trait gratitude, followed by experience sampling with mobil phone.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textRepeated selfreport on 7 questions .. I feel at the moment .. (full lead question not reported) A cheerful B satisfied C happy D insecure E anxious F down G guolty Rated 1 not at all : 7 very Computation: (A+B+C)- (D+E+F+G)
Author's labelMomentary mood states
Page in publication127
RemarksSource: Jacobs et al, 2007; Myin-Germeys & van Os, 2007; Peeters, Berkhof, Delespaul, Rottenberg, & Nicolson, 2006. Wickers et al 2009. ABS = PA-NA = 4,98-1,76 = 3,22
Error estimatesPositive Affect (A+B+C): Cronbach alpha within: .77; aggregated .94. Negative Affect (D+E+F+G): Cronbach alpha within: .64; aggregated .95. PA minus NA not reported for individual respondents. Mean PA for all respondents = 4.98 (SD = 0,93). Mean NA for all respondents = 1.76.(SD = 0,79). Mean Affect Balance = 4.98 - 1.76 = 3.22.
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 7 - 49On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Positive Mental Health (Mental Health Continuum Short Form)L04acAspect judgements of one's life as a whole
Psychopathology (Symptom Questionnaire SQ48)H15aa01Earlier psycho-somatic complaints
Trait Gratitude (Gratitude Questionnaire 6)L04aa01Earlier life-appraisals