Findings on happiness in Ball & Chernova (2008): study ZZ 1995

Author(s)Ball, R.E.; Chernova, K.
TitleAbsolute Income, Relative Income, and Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 88, 497 - 529
PublicAdults, general public, 42 nations, 1995-1997
 Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bosnia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, China, Colombia, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, India, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, Montenegro, Nigeria, Norway, Peru, Poland, Russia, South Africa, Serbia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay, United States, Venezuela
Survey nameNot available
 World Values Survey (WVS), third wave 1995-1998
SampleProbability simple random sample
 Non probability sample of nations. Probability sample within nations.
Respondents N =60000
 Sample size varies between 1000 and 2000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Remarksrange: 3,73-8,42
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.24

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Income per capitaN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc)
relative incomeI01ab03Household income
relative incomeI01aeRelative income, also classified as above ↑