Findings on happiness in Ball & Chernova (2008): study ZZ 1995 /1

Author(s)Ball, R.E.; Chernova, K.
TitleAbsolute Income, Relative Income, and Happiness.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 2008, Vol. 88, 497 - 529
Public18+ aged, general public, 18 nations, 1995-1997
 Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Colombia, Croatia, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Japan, Latvia, Macedonia, Russia, Sweden, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United States, Venezuela
Survey nameNot available
 World Values Survey (WVS), third wave 1995-1998.
SampleProbability simple random sample
Respondents N =20771
 Sample size varies between 1000 and 2000.
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Absolute IncomeI01ab01Personal income
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
ChildrenC03abCurrent parental status
ChildrenC03ab01Number of children, also classified as above ↑
Economic growthN04aa02gEconomic growth/decline in nation
EmploymentE02aeCurrent employment arrangement
EmploymentR14abCurrent status: retired or not, also classified as above ↑
EmploymentE02ab01Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
EmploymentS01ac01aInvolved in schooling or not, also classified as above ↑
EmploymentE02ab03Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
genderG01aaSex (male vs female)
HealthH14ab02Self-perceived health
Marital StatusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Relative IncomeI01aeRelative income
Relative incomeI01aeRelative income
ReligionR12abCurrent religious beliefs