Findings on happiness in Beja Jr. (2013): study ZZ 2000

Author(s)Beja Jr., E. L.
TitleWho is Happier; The Housewife or the Working Wife?
SourceApplied Research Quality of Life., 2014, Vol. 9, 157 - 177
PublicMarried women, 44 nations, 2000
Survey nameWorldValuesSurvey 5
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 44 nation samples were divided in 3 groups/subsamples: Upper-income economies (18), middle income economies(17) and low-income economies(9).
Respondents N =14013
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication164
RemarksM and SD reported on reduced 1-5 scale: M = 3.99 SD =0,84 Means by subsamples of nations: M S.d. Upper-income 3,99 0,84 Middle-income 3,69 1,14 Low-income 3,29 1,10
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Educational attainmentE01ab02Level of school-education
Female labor participation rateN14ab02cGender inequality (women emancipation) in nation
Financial satisfactionI01af05Satisfaction with income\finances
IncomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Individual choice and controlP05bpInner locus of control
Occupational statusE02abCurrent employment status
Occupational statusE02ab01Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
Self-fulfillmentG01ab01Gender-role attitudes
Self-fulfillmentE02ag06aSatisfaction with being a house-wife, also classified as above ↑
Self-fulfillmentV02ab03Work values, also classified as above ↑
Standard of living in nationN04ab01aGnp per capita (raw)
Work statusE02ab01Full-time home maker
Work statusE02ad01Full-time vs part-time, also classified as above ↑
Work statusE02ae03Self employed, also classified as above ↑
Work statusF01ajWorking mother, also classified as above ↑