Findings on happiness in Beja Jr. (2013): study ZZ 2000

Author(s)Beja Jr., E. L.
TitleWho is Happier; The Housewife or the Working Wife?
SourceApplied Research Quality of Life., 2014, Vol. 9, 157 - 177
PublicMarried women, 44 nations, 2000
Survey nameWorldValuesSurvey 5
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 44 nation samples were divided in 3 groups/subsamples: Upper-income economies (18), middle income economies(17) and low-income economies(9).
Respondents N =14013
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication164
RemarksM and SD reported on reduced 1-5 scale: M = 3.99 SD =0,84 Means by subsamples of nations: M S.d. Upper-income 3,99 0,84 Middle-income 3,69 1,14 Low-income 3,29 1,10
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Educational attainmentE01ab02Level of school-education
Female labor participation rateN14ab01cGender inequality (women emancipation)
Financial satisfactionI01af05Satisfaction with income\finances
IncomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Individual choice and controlP05bpInner locus of control
Occupational statusE02abCurrent employment status
Occupational statusE02ab01Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
Self-fulfillmentG01ab01Gender-role attitudes
Self-fulfillmentE02ag06aSatisfaction with being a house-wife, also classified as above ↑
Self-fulfillmentV02ab03Work values, also classified as above ↑
Standard of living in nationN04ab01aGnp per capita (raw)
Work statusE02ab01Full-time home maker
Work statusE02ad01Full-time vs part-time, also classified as above ↑
Work statusE02ae03Self employed, also classified as above ↑
Work statusF01ajWorking mother, also classified as above ↑