Findings on happiness in Mujcic & Oswald (2016): study AU 2007

Author(s)Mujcic, R.; Oswald, A.J.
TitleEvolution of Well-Being and Happiness After Increases in Consumption of Fruit and Vegetables.
SourceAmerican Journal of Public Health, 2016, Vol 106, 1504 - 1510
DOIdoi: 10.2105/AJPH.2016.303260.
Public18+ aged general public, Australia, followed 3 years 2007-2009
Last assesment2009
Survey nameAU-HILDA combined waves
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents N =12385
 20136 person/year observations
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentMultiple methods
 Face to face interviews and self completion questionnaires
General remarksPanel survey started in 2001, data for this study come from waves 7 and 9
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life? Again, pick a number between 0 and 10 to indicate how satisfied you are. 0 totally dissatisfied 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 totally satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication5
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.411.41

Full textSelfreport on single question: During the past 4 weeks….. Have you been a happy person? 6 all of the time 5 most of the time 4 a good bit of the time 3 some of the time 2 a little of the time 1 none of the time Item MH5 in SF-36 (Medical Outcome Study 36 item Short Form)
Author's labelBeena happy person
Page in publication6
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 6On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.050.00

Scores in123456

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Alcohol consumptionS13ab01Use of alcohol
BMIB03ac01caBody Mass Index (BMI)
Change consumption fruits and vegetablesN15aa02Change in nutrition
Change consumption fruits and vegetablesN15ab04What one eats, also classified as above ↑
ChildrenC04ab01Age of children
ChildrenC03ab01Number of children, also classified as above ↑
Earlier happinessH04ab01bPast happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
EmploymentE02abCurrent employment status
EmploymentS01ac01aInvolved in schooling or not, also classified as above ↑
ExerciseS12ab01aActive involvement in sports
Household incomeI01ab03Household income
Long term health conditionsH14ab02dChronic illness
Marital statusM02aa01Married vs never married
Marital statusM02aa04Married vs separated , also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab01bVs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab01aVs widowed, also classified as above ↑
NonsmokerS13ab08Use of tobacco
Regular breakfastN15ab05When one eats
Summed effectS15ad02Summed effects or recent life change + current conditions
What one eatsH12ab01Healthy eating
What one eatsN15ab04What one eats, also classified as above ↑