Findings on happiness in Napier & Jost (2008): study ZZ Western nations 1995

Author(s)Napier, J.L.; Jost, J.T.
TitleWhy are Conservatives Happier than Liberals?
SourcePsychological Science, 2008, Vol. 19, 565 - 572
Public18+ aged, general public, 10 western nations, 1995-1998
 USA, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, New Zealand, Norway, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland
 1995 -1998
Survey nameNot available
 World Values Survey 3
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
 Non-probability sample of nations, probability samples within nations
Respondents N =9051
 Czech Republic N=819; Finland: N= 794: Germany: N=1511; New Zealand: N=699; Norway: N= 1019; Slovakia: N=804; Spain: N=634; Sweden: N=880; Switzerland: N= 715; United States: N=1176
Non Responsenot reported
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 2 questions: A All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? 1 dissatisfied . . 10 satisfied B Taking all tohether, how happy would you say you are? 4 very happy 3 quite happy 2 not very happy 1 not at all happy Computation: Mean score, rescaled to range 1-10
Author's labelSubjective Well-being
Page in publication568
Error estimatesAlpha =.66
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Meritocratic beliefsP09ae01Social inequality: more vs less differences
Right-wing orientationP09adCurrent political (party) preference