Findings on happiness in Napier & Jost (2008): study US 2000

Author(s)Napier, J.L.; Jost, J.T.
TitleWhy are Conservatives Happier than Liberals?
SourcePsychological Science, 2008, Vol. 19, 565 - 572
PublicVoters, before and after presidential election, USA, 2000
Last assesment2001
 T1: 1-2 months prior to the presidential election in 2000; T2: 2- 3 months after the election (2001)
Survey nameNot available
 2000 American National Election Study (NES), National Election Studies (n.d.)
SampleProbability simple random sample
 T1: dual frame sample: some participants selected by probability area sample interviewed in person, others selected through random digit dialing
Respondents N =1142
Non Responsenot reported
AssesmentInterview: telephone (CATI)
 T1: face-to-face or telephone interview; T2: telephone interview
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "..........satisfaction with life.........." (Full item not reported) 1 not satisfied 2 3 very satisfied
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication566
Remarks Assessed at T2
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Church attendanceR12ad02Participation in church
EducationE01abCurrent education
Employment statusE02abCurrent employment status
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
IncomeI01ab03Household income
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Need for cognitionP05bmIndependent
Need for cognitionP05bqInterested, also classified as above ↑
Political orientationP09adCurrent political (party) preference
Political orientationP09ad01Preference for: left vs right wing, also classified as above ↑
Rationalization of inequalityN14ab07acAttitudes to social inequality in nation