Findings on happiness in Gove & Zeiss (1987): study US 1974

Author(s)Gove, W.R.; Zeiss, C.
TitleMultiple Roles and Happiness.
SourceCrosby, F.J.; Ed.: "Spouse, Parent, Worker", Yale University Press, 1987, New Haven, USA, 125 -137
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 1974-1975
 winter 1974-1975
Survey nameNot available
SampleProbability stratified sample
Respondents N =2248
Non Response23,3%
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Overall, would you say you are.....? 4 very happy 3 pretty happy 2 not too happy 1 not at all happy.
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication125
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.752.07

Scores in1234

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Employment statusE02abCurrent employment status
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Marital statusR15abCurrent roles
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states), also classified as above ↑
Parental statusC03ab02Children in the household
Parental statusC03aa01Ever had children (vs not), also classified as above ↑
Parental statusC03aa02cLeaving home of children (empty nest), also classified as above ↑