Findings on happiness in Veenhoven (2005d): study ZZ EU 14 1970

Author(s)Veenhoven, R.
TitleReturn of Inequality in Modern Society? Test by Dispersion of Life-Satisfaction across Time and Nations.
SourceJournal of Happiness Studies, 2005, Vol. 6, 457 - 487
Public15+ aged, general public, EU 14 member states, 1973-2001
 EU member states: since 1973, Belgium, Britain, Denmark, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, Netherlands, West Germany. Since 1980: also Greece, since 1985 also Portugal, Spain and since 1990 also Austria, East Germany, Sweden
Survey nameNot available
 Eurobarometer surveys
SampleMixed samples
 Non-probability sample of nations, probability samples within nations
Respondents N =374000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead? 4 very satisfied 3 fairly satisfied 2 not very satisfied 1 not at all satisfied - Don't know
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
1997 purchasing power p/cN09ab01eInequality in apparent livability
1997 purchasing power p/cH05abInequality of happiness in nations, also classified as above ↑
1997 purchasing power p/cN04ab01bPurchasing power (`real' gnp pc), also classified as above ↑
EducationN02ab02Literacy and schooling
EducationN04ab13abPublic education in nation, also classified as above ↑
Freedom min private lifeN14ab02aPrivate freedom in nations
Income-inequalityN14ab01dIncome inequality
ToleranceN02ab05Cultural pluralism
ToleranceN02ab06Value climate in the nation, also classified as above ↑
Trend in dispersion of life-satisfactionH05abInequality of happiness in nations
Trend in dispersion of life-satisfactionE03ab01aTrend in general public, also classified as above ↑
Trend in life-satisfactionE03ab01aTrend in general public