Findings on happiness in Goff et al. (2016): study US 2008

Author(s)Goff, L.; Helliwell, J.F.; Mayraz, G.
TitleThe Welfare Costs of WellBeing Inequality.
SourceNBER Working Paper, 2016, No. 21900, 1 - 30
Public18+ aged, general public, USA, 2008-2011
Collect period2008
Last collect period2011
Survey nameGallup poll
 Gallup-Healthways, version may 2012
SampleProbability cluster sample
 Clusters are defined by the combination of state and year.
Respondents N =1400000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 N from combined years.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? 10 best possible 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 worst possible life This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Inequality in life satisfactionN14ab01haInequality in happiness
Inequality in life satisfactionR09ab04aInequality in happiness in region, also classified as above ↑