Findings on happiness in Goff et al. (2016): study ZZ 2008

Author(s)Goff, L.; Helliwell, J.F.; Mayraz, G.
TitleThe Welfare Costs of WellBeing Inequality.
SourceNBER Working Paper, 2016, No. 21900, 1 - 30
Public18+ aged, general public, 160 nations, 2008-2014
Collect period2008
Last collect period2014
Survey nameGallup World Poll combined waves
 Multiple waves: 2008-2014
SampleProbability cluster sample
 Clusters are defined by the combination of nation and year.
Respondents N =1430000
 Waves and years combined
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? 10 best possible 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 worst possible life This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.
Author's labelContentment
Page in publication7, table 1
RemarksData in table 1
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.94

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Income inequalityN09ab01eInequality in apparent livability
Income inequalityN14ab01haInequality in happiness, also classified as above ↑