Findings on happiness in Pohl (2006): study DE 1984

Author(s)Pohl, C.
TitleEmployment Status, Income and the Subjective Well-Being of Immigrants.
SourcePrinceton University, Working Paper, 2006, No. 71087
Public25-65 aged immigrants, Germany, followed yearly 1984-2005
Last assesment2005
Survey nameDE-SOEP combined waves
 SOEP 1984-2005
SampleProbability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents N =15790
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied." 10 totally satisfied 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 totally unsatisfied
RemarksFor 2005: M: 6,63; SD: 1,93
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation2.24

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Concerned about financial situationI01af05bSatisfaction with financial situation
Country of originN10aa01Earlier nationality (nation of origin)
Country of originE04ab03fEthnic status in Germany, also classified as above ↑
Duration in new countryM07aa02Time since migration
Education levelE01ab02Level of school-education
Employment statusE02abCurrent employment status
Employment statusE02ab03Unemployed involuntary, also classified as above ↑
Employment statusE02ab02Unfit for work, also classified as above ↑
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Health statusH14ad21bDisability
Health statusH14ab02Self-perceived health, also classified as above ↑
IncomeI01aa02aChange in income level
Marital statusM02aa02Married vs widowed
Marital statusM02ab01bVs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab02aVs divorced, also classified as above ↑
Marital statusM02ab01aVs widowed, also classified as above ↑
Number of childrenC03ab01Number of children
West-GermanyR01ab10Region in Germany
Worries about economic developmentN04ad03Satisfaction with economic development in nation