Findings on happiness in Liu et al. (2015a): study GB 1996

Author(s)Liu, B.; Floud, S.; Pirie, K.
TitleDoes Happiness Itself directly affect Mortality? The prospective UK Million Women Study.
SourceThe Lancet, 2015
DOIdoi: 10.1016/50140-6736(15)01222-2
PublicFemale, aged 50-69, United Kingdom, 1996-2001
 Women recruited through the national Breast Screening Programmes of England and Scotland.
Collect period1996
Last collect period2001
Survey nameNot available
 Million Women Study, UK
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 From 1996-2001 1.3 million women were recruited through the National Breast Screening Programmes of England and Scotland.
Respondents N =1300000
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 At recruitment, and every 3-5 years subsequently women were posted a quaestionnaire asking about sociodemographic factors, lifestyle and health.
General remarksStudy also reported in: Liu et al. Does happiness itself directly affect mortality? The prospective UK million women study. The Lancet 2016, vol. 387: 874-881.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How often do you feel happy? 4 most of the time 3 usually 2 sometimes 1 rarely/never
Author's labelHappiness
Page in publication2
Finding used in
nation ranks
Scores in1234

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
AlcoholS13ab01Use of alcohol
ArthritisH14ad13aRheumatism (m00-25)
AsthmaH14ad10Diseases of respiratory system (j00-99)
Body mass indexB03ac01caBody Mass Index (BMI)
CancerH14ad02Neoplasms (cancer) (c00-d48)
Chronic obstructive lung diseaseH14ad10Diseases of respiratory system (j00-99)
Depression or anxietyH13ab01Expert ratings of mental health
Depression or anxietyH14ad05Mental and behavioral disorders (f00-99), also classified as above ↑
Deprivation tertileR13ab03Relative resources
DiabetesH14ad04aDiabetes (e10-14)
Heart diseaseH14ad09bIschaemic heart diseases (i20-25)
High blood pressureH14ad09Diseases of circulatory system (i00-99)
Highest qualificationE01abCurrent education
Living w. partner and parityC03ab02Children in the household
Living w. partner and parityM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states), also classified as above ↑
Mortally illH14ab02fExpected longevity
Participation in group activitiesS08abCurrent total social participation
Region of residenceR01ab25Region in UK
Self rated healthH14ab02Self-perceived health
Sleep durationS04ab01Amount of sleep
SmokingS13abCurrent use of stimulants
SmokingS13aa01Earlier use of stimulants, also classified as above ↑
SmokingS13ab08Use of tobacco, also classified as above ↑
Strenuous exerciseL03acCurrent leisure activity
StrokeH14ad09cStroke (i64)